2013 - Present
Converting the existing CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) fleet to utilize ethane (a waste gas) may be a practical near-term choice with low capital investment. Over the long-term, if the supply of ethane is sustainable, the ethane fleet may be expanded accordingly. An ethane transportation program in the United States may lead the way for wider adoption of ethane as a green(er), clean(er) transportation fuel while the electrical vehicle infrastructure, where appropriate, becomes more fully realized.
2017 PLEA Conference Paper | 3-5 July 2017
2017 Affirming Rice University Baker Institute for Public Policy Brief | Seeking Scalable, Cost-Effective Reductions in Gasoline Demand and Tailpipe Emissions? Focus on Pickup Trucks, Not Priuses
2016 Wärtsilä | World's first ethane-powered marine vessels
2015 YOUTUBE | IMEGA USA Ethane Bi-Fuel NUCOR's Ford F150 4.6 Triton
2014 MIT Climate CoLab Proposal (updated in 2018)